Prague is the capital city of the Czech Republic, also it is the largest city here. The city has 1.3 million of inhabitants, including suburb it is 2.3 million.
The Czech Republic's capital and international showpiece, Prague is one of the most popular destinations in Central Europe. Its attraction lies in the physical beauty of the city with 900 years of architecture amazingly untouched by war. The centre has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site and it demands to be explored on foot, an entire outdoor museum of history and a haphazard mixture of splendid architecture.
In the 14th century Prague enjoyed a reputation of being one of the most important cities in Europe, but after the Second World War it disappeared completely behind the Iron Curtain. Since the 1989 Velvet Revolution and the end of Communism, Prague has thrown off the years of repression with alacrity and is returning to its earlier grandeur, enticing tourists with its fairytale quality and romantic atmosphere.
The historical centre of the city is compact and its attractions are all within easy reach. The core comprises the Castle District (Hradcany) west of the River Vltava, and the Old and New town (Stare Mesto and Nove Mesto) to the east, joined by the famous Charles Bridge. The Castle District situated on the hill overlooking the city incorporates the main attractions, including the Castle itself and the Cathedral. The Old Town is a maze of alleyways, cobbled streets and passages winding their way towards the beautiful Old Town Square, Staromestské Námestí. Josefov Ghetto, the old Jewish Quarter, is enclosed within the old town. The New Town, in contrast, is modern and has been laid out in wide boulevards, most famously Wenceslas Square, the fashionable shopping boulevard leading up to the foot of the grand National Gallery.
The city's cultural scene also features high on the list of things to do in Prague. In the years since November 17, 1989, when Prague's students took to the streets to help bring down the 40-year-old Communist regime, the city has enjoyed an exhilarating cultural renaissance. Amid Prague's cobblestone streets and gold-tip spires, new galleries, cafés, and clubs teem with young Czechs and members of the city's colony of "expatriates." The arts and theater are also thriving in the "new" Prague. Young playwrights, some writing in English, regularly stage their own works. Weekly poetry readings are standing room only. Classical music maintains its famous standards, while rock, jazz, and dance clubs are jammed nightly. The cultural/social offering is so wide-ranging that Prague was selected as one of the European Cities of Culture for the year 2000. Among other features, the city's territory is home to 81 museums, 108 art galleries, and 71 resident theatres and concert halls. Prague annually hosts major cultural events.This beautiful city, a 'symphony in stone', built along the river and on the surrounding hills, has never ceased to capture the hearts and imagination of visitors, painters, photographers and poets
Here is the list of most spectacular historical places:
- Royal Road
- Jewish Town
- Strahov Monastery and the Prague Loreto
Prague Attractions - Click here
1. Airport Express - Bus from Prague airport to the Main railway station (City Center): 50 CZK (2 EUR). The bus line AE operates:
- daily from 5 a.m. till 10 p.m.
- in a regular interval of 30 minutes
- luggage is free of charge
Tickets at the driver, duration to the city center, 30-40 minutes, depends on the traffic.
2. Taxi: price around 700 CZK (28 EUR), recommended taxi services and contacts find down on this page.
3. Bus: #119 to the final station Dejvicka and then by Subway (Metro) - through ticket (90 minutes) 32 CZK (1 EUR) per person
4. Shuttle companies:
ČEDAZ (shared - up to 4 people): 480 CZK
Prague Transfers: 655 CZK
Prague Airport Transfers: 560 CZK
5. Hotel pickup:
Varies by the hotel but usually from 600 CZK and up
Public transportation - Tickets
The Prague public transport system uses two types of tickets:
- Regular tickets can be used on any type of public transportation and allows transfers between lines (subway to subway, tram to tram, etc.) and types of transport (subway to tram, tram to bus, etc.)
Adults: 24 CZK (Kc) for 30 minutes
Adults: 32 CZK (Kc) for 90 minutes
Tickets are sold through yellow ticket vending machines (also in English, coins only), at ticket offices located at some metro stations, at a Tabák/Trafika, at some newsstands, and at tourist information centers. A ticket must be punched at the entrance to the metro station and on the tram/bus to mark the start of the validation period. 90 minutes tickets available also via SMS by sending the text message "DPT32" to the number 902 06 26)
- Short-term (tourist) passes
24-hour pass: 110 CZK
3-day pass (72 hours): 310 CZK
- Long-term passes
Monthly (30 days): 550 CZK (issued with a photo-ID)
Prague Metro (Subway)
The Metro lines currently are:
- Line A (Green) - running east to west from Depo Hostivař to Dejvická
- Line B (Yellow) - running east to west from Černý most to Zličín
- Line C (Red) - running north to south from Letňany to Háje
There are three transfer stations in the city center where two lines intersect:
- Můstek (lower end of Wenceslas Square) - lines A and B
- Muzeum (upper end of Wenceslas Square) - lines A and C
- Florenc (main bus station) - lines B and C
In the Metro Station
Trains run from 5 a.m. till midnight in 2-3 min. intervals during peak hours and in 4-10 min. intervals in the off hours. The time elapsed from the moment when the previous train left the station can be seen on the clock at the head of the tracks.
Once on the train, the following announcements can be heard:
- Name of the station where the train is currently stopped, e.g. "Můstek"
- Warning: "Ukončete prosím výstup a nástup, dveře se zavírají." (Please finish exiting and boarding the train, the doors are closing.)
- Name of the following station (e.g. Muzeum): "Příští stanice: Muzeum" (Next station: Muzeum), followed, if applicable, by "Přestup na linku A/B/C." (Transfer to line A/B/C)
Trams (tramvaje) cover a large area of the city (with 500 km of tracks) and are used by some 300 million people a year. Daytime trams run from 4:30 a.m. till midnight in 8 - 10 minute intervals (8 - 15 minutes on weekends). Night trams (numbers 51 - 58) run from 00:30 a.m. till 4:30 a.m. in 40 minute intervals.
Recommended taxi service
AAA Radiotaxi - tel. 140 14 or 222 333 222, www.aaa-taxi.cz
City Taxi - tel. 257 257 257, www.citytaxi.cz
Profi Taxi - tel. 140 35 or 2 61 31 41 51, www.profitaxi.cz
Halotaxi - tel. 244 114 411, https://www.halotaxitransport.cz/
Sedop - tel. 777 666 333, www.sedop.cz
The city of Prague is safe the same as any other big city in Europe.